Where #SeriousHorsePeople come to better understand digestive health in horses and its impact and management.

Monday Myth #14: Colic is the #1 Medical Killer of Horses

In Monday Myths we debunk common misconceptions about a range of topics regarding equine digestive health and care. These are real statements made by real horse people. Have a question or topic you would like to see covered? Submit your idea here.

Statement: Colic is the number one medical cause of death in horses.

We’re not going to bother being coy about this one: it is absolutely true that colic is the top medical cause of death in horses today.

Colic simply means pain anywhere within a horse’s gut; but is generally used among horse men and women to refer to painful spasms in the colon or other areas of the GI tract. These may be the result of gas build up, impactions (blockages), torsions (twists), foreign objects, parasites cancer, and others. It can range from a simple gas colic that resolves on its own in a few hours, to a serious problem requiring surgery. It may even lead to death.

Colic is a significant risk, of which all horse people need to be aware. Know the signs a horse may be colicking, and know what to do when it happens. (Call the vet immediately, for starters.)

However, the myth many people buy into is that all we can do about colic is recognize when it’s happening, take steps to resolve it, and hope for the best.

Surviving Colic Doesn’t Stop Colic

The Crusade Against Equine Colic has declared the month of June “Equine Colic Awareness Month”.

The theme for 2013 is “Surviving Colic Doesn’t Stop Colic. Make a Change.” The take-home message is that it’s not enough to recognize and manage colic when it happens, although that is important. A Colic Awareness Month weekly blog series, featured on the Crusade Against Equine Colic website, addresses this in its first installment. Called “Intervention Isn’t Prevention”, this first blog article discusses four reasons equestrians need to focus on reducing colic risk, rather than simply managing colic when it occurs:

  1. Managing a colic episode doesn’t prevent it from happening again
  2. Colic signals other potentially serious problems in the equine gut
  3. Underlying issues that could result in colic may also seriously affect behavior and performance
  4. The next colic might be the last colic.

If your horse colics, something needs to change to right his gut health. Even if you haven’t experienced a colic episode, it’s important to carefully examine his feeding and management to promote optimal health; he may still be at risk.

Make a Change

Knowing what causes colic, how our modes of care impact equine gut health, and taking steps to support digestive health will go a long way towards reducing your horse’s risk for colic.

Sand impaction, parasites, or enteroliths are examples of possible conditions that can produce colic symptoms, but they are rarely confirmed. In fact, over 80% of reported colic cases are deemed “idiopathic,” meaning they have no confirmed cause. In the majority of those cases, the cause is likely related to poor digestive health. Studies clearly link common practices, such as feeding grain-based feeds and keeping horses stalled, to increased colic risk.

Here are steps you can take to promote digestive health in your horses:

  • Reduce concentrates in the diet
  • Feed chaff mixed with concentrates to encourage chewing of every mouthful and slow ingestion
  • Consider using (unmolassed) soaked beet pulp instead of grain: beet pulp is a complex carbohydrate and is fermented in the hind gut to produce the “good” VFA’s that horses need, unlike grains where simple carbohydrates like starches and sugar can create major issues.
  • Feed in multiple small meals throughout the day
  • Provide free access to quality forage
  • Turnout as much as possible (especially with access to quality grass)
  • Provide constant access to clean, fresh water
  • Work with your vet to administer an appropriate deworming program
  • Supplement to support healthy digestive structure and function

Colic is the number one medical killer of horses = absolutely true. But it’s a myth to think there’s nothing you can do about it until it happens. Take steps today to encourage your horse’s digestive health and reduce the risk for colic.


Leave a Comment:

Leave a Reply

XHTML: You can use these tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

Related Articles:

Stable Vices: A Sign of Digestive Issues in Horses

Do you have a horse that behaves badly when confined to a stall? Cribbing, wood chewing, weaving, stall walking … all are troubling signs your horse is unhappy and uncomfortable. The tricky problem is figuring […]

Managing Digestive Health in Horses with Cushings

If you have been around horses long enough, you have seen it—a horse with an abnormally long coat who walks like a lame duck and looks like they cannot get enough nutrients into their body. […]

Diagnosing and Managing Enteritis in Horses

Introduction to Enteritis in Horses Enteritis is the inflammation of the small intestine. While most commonly associated with bacterial infection, Enteritis often involves both non-infectious and infectious diseases. (Page et al., 2014.) Enteritis is of […]

SUCCEED for Long-Term Equine GI Support

SUCCEED Digestive Conditioning Program supports your horse’s entire gastrointestinal system, especially the often ignored hindgut. Your horse’s hindgut represents 85% of its gastrointestinal system. That makes the hindgut a critical part of the horse’s overall […]

Keeping Ulcers at Bay in Barrel Horses

Here’s what you need to know about recognizing and managing ulcers in barrel horses, or in any high-stress competition horse across disciplines. Equine Ulcer Symptoms Vary Widely The obvious clinical signs of a digestive health […]

The Owner’s Guide to the Microbiota in Horse Health & Disease

We’re currently undergoing a surge of interest in healthy “gut bacteria” and its impact on overall wellness in both the human and horse worlds. These markets continue to explode with new research on the far-reaching […]

horses nutritional needs

FREE eBook:

Nutrition for Horses

Three factors for evaluating
your horse’s nutritional needs.